The American Bully is a relatively new and unique breed of dog. Despite being a very intelligent breed with a warm personality their history admittedly comes from some pretty dark places. In this series, we’re looking at the history of the American Bully and how it became one of the most valuable breeds and an American cultural icon.
Although the American Bully was primarily derived from certain APBT bloodlines, the other major contributor to the breed was the Bulldog. And not just any bulldog. When you look at certain American Bullies, you can see the contributions made by both the American Bulldog and the Olde English Bulldog.
The Bulldog first came to the Americas in the 1600’s. At that time the Olde English Bulldog was widely used for Bull and Bear Baiting. A kind of blood sport that developed from hunting practices where dogs like these were necessary to bring down large game. The tactic was to have the dog catch the bull and hold its snout while the men made the kill. This practice was carried over from England during the white settlers immigration to North America. This is where this breed got its name.
The American Bulldog originated in the Southeast region of the USA from four main bloodlines: Williamson, Scott, Bailey and Johnson. The term American Bulldog was not adopted for this breed until the 1980s and in the early days, this dog was known simply as the English White due to its coat. Later, names like the Alabama Bulldog began to take over.
The American Bulldog is a medium to large breed with a bold and assertive personality. Hunters began working them as catchdogs for wild boar and cattle. Because this dog can be trained and has a history of diving head firsts towards danger, they easily became americas first choice for family protection dogs.
Around the same time that this breed adopted the American Bulldog name, a new breed of dog was beginning development, the American Bully. Because the American Pit Bull Terrier’s popularity was suffering, breeders wanted to take the breed in a new direction. Their intent was to develop this dog into a more stable, docile and family friendly pet. Bulldogs provided a great source of trainable intelligence, mental stability and a bulkier physic to bolster the Bully breed.